Month: May 2016
Among the many lucrative careers that are much in demand at the moment, a garden designer job is considered as one of the hottest. Increasing environmental concern has forced people to develop gardens around their houses, business establishments and industrial premises. Governments too have intensified their fervor to make cities and towns greener and more picturesque by developing parks, landscapes, and public gardens. This has given rise to the demand for more garden designers as they are required to be deployed in the above projects. A garden design course essentially generates the garden designers needed to meet this demand.
Institutions specially dedicated to teaching the nuances of garden design to willing students have appeared in quite a number and are already churning out a number of garden designers to meet the above demand. What is garden design anyway? It is the art of designing beautiful gardens and the procedures and methods used to create them. Garden design involves garden plans, landscapes, layouts and planting to create tasteful gardens. Garden design is usually undertaken by the owner himself or a learned professional who has gained mastery over the task of garden design by studies, courses, training and expertise gained over years of practice. The outcome of any garden design project will depend on the exemplary skills of the garden designer. The basic rules pertaining to garden design are applied whether it is executed by a novice or an expert professional. Garden designers use these basic tools and formulas to transform the ideas of the garden owners into reality.
Garden design courses are now greatly in demand owing to the demand for garden designers and each day we see some gardening project coming up in the neighborhood whether it is on private property or government property. Taking a garden design course would hugely benefit the applicants as they will be either employed by huge landscaping companies or have their own private practice. The latter is a great business idea, but the garden designer rookie should first serve under a landscaping company to learn the tricks of the trade before venturing out to establish his or her own business. Several garden design schools have started in the UK and choosing one of these recognised institutions will hugely benefit the student. Recognised schools have a higher marketing value, and a new student has more chances of getting a good job on the basis of having undertaken training from a prestigious institution.
The term, ‘perennial plant’, means simply that the plant returns following severe freezes, to grow again the next year. Trees are cold hardy tested perennials by nature, some trees that are evergreens and do not go dormant, but merely slow down during various seasons, and other shade trees enter dormancy and shed the leaves. Tree growth of shade trees may stop altogether in extremely cold climates, but in the spring, will surge with buds that open to flower and leaf out.
Great difficulties arise in assigning a plant, ‘perennial’, mainly because the primary determining factor, temperature range varies from year to year; and every century extreme cold temperatures may erase certain plant populations that have survived in areas before for decades or sometimes even centuries. A perennial plant may be a survivor, thus a “perennial” for a given growing area, then suddenly may become extinct in that growing area. The USDA has constructed a zone map that reveals averages of temperatures reached by the location in your State. This map is a nursery tool used to predict whether a perennial will live (cold hardy) in your area.
Agaves are a diverse genus of over 200 species of rosette, spear-like, leafed evergreen perennials. Agave typically grows as low shrub-like plants in dry or well-drained soils of the Southern part of the U.S. from New Jersey down to Florida, and then West to California. Many Agave species, such as Agave americana or Agave tequilana, have sharp recurved, protective teeth running along both sides of the blade of its semi-curved, lance-shaped leaves, with a sharp needle-tip lance at the end. There are Agave species, like Agave attenuata, and Agave stricta, that do not have sharp-teeth at all, but are smooth. The color variations of Agave plants range from shades of green, to silvery-grey, bluish-green, top yellow or white stripes, such is the case with Agave americana ‘media-picta’. The bloom of mother Agave plants are a beautiful array of pendulent bell-shaped, creamy-white flowers soaring high above the mother plant on a flower stem that may reach 20 feet or more for some agave species. The bloom period of a mother Agave plant is during the summer and the flower stalk is magnificent to behold, however, this event means the cycle of life ends for mother Agave and begins again for her Agave offspring. Agave plants are an excellent choice for rock gardens or well drained soils that lend themselves well to terracotta or cement planters. Agaves are fairly slow glowers so expect higher prices on these sunloving garden jewels at retail garden centers. Huge specimen agaves can be quickly delivered by semi-trucks. Recommended Agave cultivar plants are: Agave ‘Victoria-Reginae’; Agave americana; Agave americana ‘Marginata’; Agave americana ‘Media-Picta’; Agave angustifolia ‘Marginata’; Agave attenuata ‘Boutin Blue’; Agave bovicomuta; Agave celsii ‘Nova’; Agave colorata; Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’; Agave desmettiana ‘Zebra Stripe’; Agave ‘Felipe Otero’; Agave franzosini; Agave geminiflora; Agave lechguilla; Agave parryii; Agave parryii ‘Compacta Variegata’; Agave potatorum ‘Verschaffeltii’; Agave pygmaea; Agave salmiana; Agave stricta ‘Pueblensis’; Agave ‘Shark Skin’; Agave sisalana ‘Variegata’; Agave toumeyana; and Agave tequilana ‘Weberi Blue.’
The ancient Egyptians in 1500 BC grew the Aloe for healing, and while the Pharaoh held all the Jews in captivity, aloes were used as cosmetics and for the sacred healing power of this mysterious perennial. The Book of John, in the New Testament Bible, John 19-39, records that Jesus’ body was wrapped in linen cloths and aloes after the corpse was removed from the crucifiction cross before burial. Aloes are evergreen perennial plants that grow as shub-like, climbing or tree-like plants. The aloe plant leaves are fleshly, succulent, long tongue-shaped groups of rosettes, or as star-patterned limbs. Most forms of the aloe, 300 species genus, have toothed leaf blades with soft to piercing hard teeth. Aloe saponaria and Aloe vera are the two most commonly found containerized aloes in homes and gardens. Aloe vera plant extracts have long been used by mothers on their children for fast relief for minor cuts and burns. Aloe saponaria is cold hardy down to freezing temperatures and is widely grown in Southern gardens for the beautiful, coral-colored, tubular blossoms and for the making of medicated soap. Most aloe plants are small, 1-3 foot tall and width, however, a few tropical aloe species, such as Aloe marlothii grow into large, 120 foot succulent trees. Aloe plant varieties may vary enormously in color from yellow, red to blue-greens, or to spotted or striped with random variegation. Recommended cultivars of Aloes are: Orange Aloe.(Aloe acutissima ‘antaramorensis’) ,Blue Aloe (Aloe acutissima) ,Aloe aristata ‘Montana’ Tree Aloe (Aloe bainsii) Aloe brevifolia Red Aloe (Aloe camronii) Climbing Aloe (Aloe ciliaris) Kokoerbom(Aloe dichotoma) Aloe distans ‘Yellow Teeth’Aloe ‘Dorian Black’ Aloe ellenbeckii White Aloe (Aloe glauca) Aloe kedongensis Bergaalwyn (Aloe marlothii) Gold Tooth Aloe (Aloe nobilis) Tiger Aloe (Aloe nobilis ‘Variegata’) Aloe petricola Spiral Aloe (Aloe polyphylla) Coral Aloe (Aloe strata) SoapAloe (Aloe saponaria) Aloe traskii Medicinal Aloe (Aloe vera) Partridge Breast (Aloe ‘Variegata’) Aloe verdoorniae Aloe ‘White Teeth’.
Fern plants are a beautiful landscape choice or a container perennial, because of the delicate graceful foliage. Fern plants are native to the U.S., and found growing on every continent on the Earth. Some ferns grow well as cold hardy plarts in some areas bordering arctic conditions. A gardener can find a fern perennial to buy in practically any nursery or mail order operation.
Florida tropical perennials are restricted for growing in many States, because of the lack of cold hardy resistance. Some gardeners prefer to plant Florida perennials in greenhouses, or to grow as an annual. Many recommended plants are: Desert Rose, Adenium obesum; Allamanda cathartica; Giant Yellow Shrimp, Barleria micans; Hallmark, Bulbine fruiticasa; Clerodendrum ugandense; Bleeding Hearts, Clerodendrum thomsoniae; Bat Faced Heather, Cupha ilvea; Sapphire Showers, Duranta erecta; Euryops; Bolivian Sunset, Gloxina sylvatica; Iochroma cyaneum; Jatropha integerrima; Ixora; Lantana camara; Orthosiphon stamineus; Pentas; Russelia equisetiformis; Russelia equisetiformis aureus; Stachytarpheta urticifolia; Stachytarpheta mutabilis.
Flowering Vine perennials grow fast to cover fences, lattices, walls, and not only offer rewards of flowers, but many interesting flowers in colors of red, blue, white, pink, and yellow. If planted and grown in the sun, the flowering vines require little care of vine maintenance. Recommended flowering vines to plant are Coral Vine, Antigonon leptopus; White Coral Vine, Antigonon leptopus ‘Alba’; Jekyll Island Vine, Bignonia capreolata; Tangering Beauty, Bignonia capreolata; Night Blooming Jasmine, Cestrum Nocturnum; Bleeding Hearts, Clerodendron thomsoniae; Lavender Trumpet Vine, Clytostoma callistegoides; Carolina Jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens; Heart Vine, Ipomoea batatas; Chinese Jasmine, Jasminum polyanthum; Brazilian Firecracker Vine, Manettia inflata; Mailbox Plant, Mandevilla x Amblilis; Red Mandevilla, Mandevilla sanderi; Peaches and Cream, Mandevilla ‘Peaches and Cream’; Pink Mandevilla, Mandevilla splendens; White Passion Vine, Passiflora; Blue Passion Vine, Passiflora x Alato-Caerulea; Red Passion Flower, Passiflora coccinea; Lady Banks Rose, Rosa banksiae; Blue Glory Vine, Thunbergia battiscombei; White Sky Vine; Thunbergia grandiflora; Confederate Jasmine, Trachelospermum jasminoides; Blue Wisteria, Wisteria sinensis; White Wisteria, Wisteria sinensis ‘Alba’;
Groundcover perennial plants are beautifully colored and fast growing, to keep soil erosion under control. Recommended groundcover plants are: Ajuga reptans ‘Burgundy Glow’, Burgundy Glow; Allium tuberosum, Society Garlic; Arachis glabrata, Perennial Peanut; Ardisia japonica ‘Variegata’, Ardisia japonica ‘Variegata’; Aspidistra elatior, Cast Iron Plant; Aspidistra elatior ‘Variegata’, Aspidistra elatior ‘Variegata’; Apsidistra lurida ‘Milky Way’, Apsidistra lurida ‘Milky Way’; Asystasia gangetica, Ganges Primrose; Curculigo capitulata, Palm Grass; Ficus repens ‘Variegata’, Creeping Fig Vine; Ficus repens ‘Variegata’, Ficus repens ‘Variegata’; Houttuynia cordata ‘Chameleon’, Chameleon; Liriope; Liriope muscari ‘Big Blue’, Border Grass; Liriope muscari ‘Royal Purple’, Liriope muscari ‘Royal Purple’; Liriope muscari ‘Super Green Giant’; Liriope muscari ‘Variegata’; Liriope muscari ‘Silver Dragon’; Lysimachia congestiflora ‘Eco Dark Satin’, Golden Globes; Ophiopogon intermedius ‘Aztec’; Ophiopogon japonicus nana, Dwarf Mondo Grass; Ophiopogon planiscapus ‘Ebony Knight’, Black Mondo; Persicaria capitatum, Jump Seed; Persicaria microcephala, Red Dragon; Setcreasea pallida, Purple Heart; Setcreasea pallida, Pale Puma; Pseuderanthemum alatum, Chocolate Soldiers; Rubus calycinoides, Emerald Carpet; Scuttelaria longifolia, Red Fountain Sage; Spilanthese oleracea, Eyeball Plant / Toothpaste Plant; Trachelospermum asiaticum, Asiatic Jasmine; Tulbaghia fragrans, White Fragrant Garlic; Tulbaghia violacea, Society Garlic; Tulbaghia violacea ‘Tricolor’, Tricolor, Society Garlic; Vinca major ‘Maculata’, Periwinkle; Vinca major ‘Variegata’, Periwinkle; Vinca major ‘Wojo’s Gem’.
Herbacious perennial plants freeze during the winter, but return in the following spring to produce flowers of many colors and rare forms. Recommended cultivars are: Bee Balm, Monarda didyma ‘Jacob Cline’; Blue Butterfly Flower, Clerodendrum ugandense; Blue Woodland Phlox, Phlox divaricata; Brunfelsia Pauciflora; Buckeye, Red, Aesculus pavia; Butterfly Bush, Buddleia lindleyana; Cestrum aurantiacum; Cigarette Plant, Cuphea micropetala; Clerodendrum bungeii; Cone Flower, Echinacea paradoxa; Cuphea ‘Allyson’; Devil Star Lily, Clerodendrum puniculatum; Echinacea ‘White Swan’; Echinacea purpurea; Firebush, Hamelia patens; Flowering Maple, Abutilion x hybridrum; Gaillardia ‘Pin Wheel’; Lestrum fasciculatum ‘Newellii’; Liatris spicata ‘Blazing Stars’; Liatris spicata ‘Floristan’; Lions Head, Leonitus leonarus; Obediant Plant, Physostegia virginiana; Orange Shrimp Plant, Justicia ovata; Orange Tongue Plant, Justicia leonardii; Phlox maculata ‘Alpha’; Pink Tongues, Justicia carnea; Platycodon grandiflora; Plumbago auriculata ‘Monott’ PP7822; Princess Flower, Tibouchina urvillenana; Purple Butterfly Bush, Buddleia davidii ‘Lochinch’; Red Cigar Plant, Sinningia sellovii;Red Prince, Weigela florida; Red Shrimp Plant, Justicia brandegeana ‘Red’; Mouth of Hollywood, Rehmannia Elata; Rudbeckia hirta ‘Becky Mix’; Ruellia brittoniana ‘Katie’; Ruellia elegans; Scarlet Butterfly Lily, Odontonema cuspidatum; Shasta Daisy, Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Alaska’; Shower of Gold Shrub, Galphimia glauca; Tecoma stans ‘Yellow Bells’; Turks Cap, Malvaviscus drummondi; White Tongues, Justicia carnea; Yellow Creeping Jenny, Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea’; Yellow Shrimp Plant, Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’; Yellow Tongue Plant, Justicia aura.
Yucca is a genus of evergreen plants, with approximately 40 species that grow in dry, desert-like areas. However, this is a common misconception, because members of the Yucca family can be found growing in 30 of the States in America, from New Jersey, down to Florida, and west to California. Yuccas can be grown as small shrubs or yucca trees, up to 30 feet tall, depending upon the yucca species. Yucca has lance-shaped leaves growing in a rosette pattern, on a woody stem or trunk-like frame. Yucca plants may vary dramatically in color from shades of green, to white or yellow stripes, to blue-green hues, as with Yucca rostrata, a jewel for any garden. Most yucca plants are stiff and sharp pointed, like the Spanish Bayonet (Yucca aloifolia), while some yuccas have flexable soft leaves, such as Golden Garland Yucca (Yucca flaccida). The flower blooms of yucca grow in summer, and develop into a beautiful, creamy-white pendulum of bell-shaped flowers that tower 8 feet above the mother plant. Yuccas are very adaptable and are among the oldest living trees in the world. The Joshua Tree (Yucca brevifolia), Yucca filimentosa (Bear Grass or Adam’s Needle) is among the most cold-hardy and widely grown varieties. The strong, stringy filament (fiber), that run a course from the needle tip, down the margin of the leaf, was used by native Americans for making into garments and possibly the treating of war wounds. The roots of Yucca were also used to make soap. The primary use for yucca plants in todays landscapes are for their ornamental beauty, like we find in Yucca flaccida ‘Golden Sword’, in terracotta pots or in ground landscape plantings. Some people use Yucca aloifolia ‘Spanish Bayonet’, Yucca treculeana ‘Spanish Dagger’, or even Yucca brevifolia ‘Joshua Tree’, as security hedges for their beautiful and exotically bazaar, stiff leaves, hence the nickname, “Burlars’ Nightmare.” Yucca plants are typicall sunlovers, growing in well drained soils, but are adaptive and often grow faster in moderately moist areas, such as the Southeastern U.S.. Recommended yucca cultivar plants are: Yucca aloifolia; Yucca brevifolia; Bear Grass, Yucca filamentos; Bright Edge, Yucca filamentosa; Golden Garland, Yucca flaccida; Golden Sword, Yucca flaccida; Ivory Tower, Yucca flaccida; Variegata, Yucca flaccida; Silverstar, Yucca elephantippes; Soft Leaf Yucca, Yucca recurvifolia; Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana; Rigida, Yucca rostrata; Linearis, Yucca rostrata; HesperYucca paviflora; Cordyline ‘Baueri.’
Rock gardens are a fantastic method of adding unique shapes and textures of rocks and garden landscape ideas that provide a natural feel to your backyard or yard decorating. The combination of rocks, flowers and plants is an inexpensive way to boost the beauty of your rock garden design.Rock gardens are creative reflection of wonderful mountainous scenes that you can enjoy everyday right at an office. Various plants and flowerscomplement and enrich the neutral, calm and timeless environment developed by rocks in gardens.
Beautiful rock gardens are extremely attractive when they harmoniously fit in backyard, yard or garden landscape ideas. Garden rocks in poorly designed rock gardens lifeless and unattractive. Beautiful rock garden design is definitely an art, so a beginner ought to learn the basics of how to design an outdoor with rocks, plants and flowers.Formal rock gardens emphasize your home exterior design and architectural features. Beautiful rock garden design make backyard, yard or garden look more harmonious and balanced, turning natural landscape right into a work of art.
Formal rock gardens may include only green plants or colorful flowers and plants that bring life to rock garden landscape ideas and provide a more natural look to rocks garden setting.Natural rock garden designs look informal and natural with wild flowers and plants that grow in free style. Decorative flowers and plants can be added to the natural garden design, which makes it brighter and more colorful.
How you can design a garden
Before you design a rock garden, assess the potential of your site. Most important elements are drainage, sunlight exposure, existing house exterior design and also the presence of trees and flower beds on the website.
Drainage for your rock garden design
Rock garden design needs a site that has good drainage. Areas for example slopes and those that are slightly raised are ideal for designing attractive rock gardens. Plants may rot or otherwise thrive in areas that stay wet for very long time.
Rocks garden sunlight exposure
Sunlight exposure is really a critical for most plants and flowers, employed for rock garden design, even though some plants grow well in shade. In case your backyard or front yard has bright and shady areas, it’s a great idea to design few different rock gardens.
House exterior design and rock garden background
House exterior design and rock garden background aren’t as important as drainage or sunlight exposure, however they have a visual impact on the general appearance of your backyard or yard decorating.
A large rock, brick and stone walls look gorgeous and natural, and boost the visual appeal of a formal rock garden design. Formal rock garden requires and engaging background that you can add. An all natural rock garden can be created without them.
Trees and flower beds
Trees and flower beds provide colors along with a changing background with fall foliage and branches in the winter months, which make your rocks garden interesting, surprising and try to beautiful. Rock garden plants for informal design add natural charm, emphasizing the tranquility of and timeless elegance of rocks within the garden.
Rocks garden design with blooming plants ought to be arranged away from large trees, which create shade and take water and nutrients in the soil, competing with rock garden plants.
A water fountain can add a wonderful touch to your garden. It creates a focal point, can be a spectacular hardscape and heightens the sense of calmness. Water fountains in Sydney are great ways to accentuate your garden decoration, whether you have a big or small garden, you can always introduce a decent fountain in the landscape. Moreover, you can water freshwater aquatic plants in it, or add decorative rocks in Melbourne, or even install a customised statue.
Creating your Outdoor Garden Water Fountain:
- Planning for the installation is an important step. Consider the area where you want to install your fountain. It is important to create a symmetry how you can create a semblance in the landscape. The size of your garden will determine how large you want to build your fountain.
- Installing a heavy fountain could be a tough task, especially if you plan to move it your deck, or in the rooftop garden. Plan the weight of your fountain and bear in mind the capacity of the surface to hold weight of the fountain.
- Figure it out how to install power filter into the fountain and power it. Solar power filters are quite useful in garden area but these are expensive and demand sunny days to work efficiently. You can build an electric wire system from your house to the garden.
- Purchase a fountain with overflow mechanism because in the rainy season it is probable that your fountain could overflow and your plants and fish could spill out. The overflow mechanism will take the extra water automatically.
Creating the Fountain
- Based on the size of your fountain, you should choose your pump. Consider the gallon of water a pump can move and how much power it will require to push the water to the top. Also, buy extra tubes for extended installation.
- There are different types of water features in Brisbane, so you can purchase your fountain according to your garden landscape and the size of the area. Generally, frost-proof ceramic vessels are common choice for garden fountains. Alternatively, you can make a small pond, install a ceramic basin into it.
- You need to be very careful about your water. You can just pour tap water into it, especially if you are planning to inhabit fish and live creatures in it. Leave some tap water for at least 48 hours and use water conditioning into it.
- Always install the pump at a surface where it can’t be displaced by heavy water flow. You can hide the pump mechanism by disguising with pebbles and river rocks.
- After filling the fountain, switch the pump and adjust the water flow. Check the level of water during summers.
- Generally fountains have gold fish or carp. You can also put pond wishes if you wish. Don’t overstuff it with fishes.
- Remember to feed your fish low but quality food. Cheap and overstuff food granules will aggravate algae bloom.
- It is better to put some aquatic plants for better oxygen and hiding places for fish.
- Children should be supervised while playing around the fountain.